Texas Hay Report
AM_GR310        
Amarillo, TX       Fri, Feb 17, 2017    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 

  Compared to last report:  Alfalfa sold 5.00 to 10.00 higher as buyers 
are having to travel to find the quality.  Other hay classes remained 
steady. Movement was slow to moderate with not a lot of variety of hay on 
the market this time of year.  The Panhandle and North Texas received 
some much needed moisture that benefitted pastures.  Coastal Bermuda 
producers in South Texas reported a different scenario as they are dry 
and looking for rain.  Plenty of hay still available but supplemental 
feeding of livestock has increased in those areas.  Prices for hay and 
pellets quoted per ton except where noted. 

   The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing Hot Line set 
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
877-429-1998. The website for the hotline is: 
www.TexasAgriculture.gov/hayhotline

Panhandle/High Plains:
   Alfalfa: Large Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 155.00-190.00,          
   		instances 225.00; Good to Premium 140.00-155.00.
   		Small Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 297.00, 9.00 per 
		bale.
   Chopped Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: 120.00-125.00. Calf 130.00. 
		Brown 115.00.        
   Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: Good to Premium 180.00.
   Wheat Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 90.00-125.00. 
   Hay Grazer: Large Bales: Delivered: 75.00-80.00. Ground: 95.00. 
   BlueStem: Large Bales: Delivered: 70.00; 35.00 per bale.
    
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
   Alfalfa: Small Squares: FOB or Delivered local: Premium to Supreme 
		250.00-330.00, 7.50-10.00 per bale. 
   		Large Bales: FOB or Delivered local: Premium to Supreme 	
		170.00-190.00; Good to Premium 130.00-145.00; Fair 100.00-
		110.00. 
     
North, Central, and East Texas:
   Alfalfa: Large Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 180.00-200.00; 
		Good to Premium 150.00-160.00. 
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 231.00-297.00, 
		7.00-9.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-198.00, 5.00-6.00 
		per bale.
   		Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 100.00-120.00, 50.00-60.00 
		per bale; Fair to Good 80.00-100.00, 40.00-50.00 per bale.
       
South Texas:
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 231.00-265.00, 
		7.00-8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-198.00, 5.00-6.00 per 
		bale. 
 		 Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 
		80.00-100.00; 40.00-50.00 per roll; Fair to Good 40.00-80.00, 
		20.00-40.00 per roll.   
   Coastal Bermuda Grass Mix: Large Rounds: FOB: 30.00 to 35.00 per roll.    

   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used 
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay 
price or value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is 
excellent color and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in 
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high 
nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes 
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of 
damage other than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay 
may show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category 
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed 
content or mold.  Defects will be identified in market reports when using 
this category.

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         Lana Hutto, Market Reporter 806-356-5785            		
	   www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/AM_GR310.txt
         
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